- Non-EU nationals are obliged to have medical travel insurance (commercial insurance) for the whole period of their stay in the Czech Republic on visa (long-term and short-term) and/or long-term residence permit.
- Non-EU nationals are subject to public health insurance i) as employees or ii) as holders of permanent residence permit.
- Nationals from countries, which are parties to the International Treaty on Cooperation in the Area of Health and Social Security (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cuba, Japan, Macedonia, Montenegro, Turkey, Serbia, and Yemen), do not need to show medical travel insurance when applying for long-term visa/long-term residence permit. Also applicants, who are participants of the Erasmus Mundus program, Fulbright scholarship program, European Voluntary Service of the EC Youth in Action programme, as well as holders of the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) issued by another EU member state, are not obliged to conclude medical travel insurance.
- EU citizens and their family members, who are not EU citizens, can be insured in other EU country. They can prove their medical insurance by showing one of the following documents: European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), a certificate temporarily replacing the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), a registration certificate, a card of an EU policy holder residing in the CR, a card of a policy holder living in the CR, one of the forms E 106, E 109, E 112, E 120, E 121, a different document that corresponds to the travel medical insurance (commercial insurance).
- Social security insurance is paid by all employees. The insurance is partially paid by an employer, partially by an employee, however the payments for both parts are made by the employer from the salary of the employee (super brutto/brutto salary). In general (there are exceptions), the amount paid by the employer is 25% of the salary of an employee and 6.5% of the salary is paid by the employee.
- A person is entitled to old-age pension when two conditions are met: i) required period of insurance and ii) attainment of the stipulated age. The tables and related rules are described on the webpage of the Czech Social Security Administration body. In case a foreigner worked also partially in other EU country, this period of insurance will be counted as well for the purpose of the old-age pension. In case of work in other states, application of such period of insurance will depend on the fact, whether Czech Republic has concluded a bilateral agreement on social security with that particular state (the list of bilateral agreements can be found on the webpage of the Czech Ministry of Social Affairs).
- Persons who are self-employed (in Czech: osoba samostatně výdělečně činná or abbreviation OSVČ) and such activity is their principal job (e.g. they do not have a full-time job, they are retired, etc.) are obliged to pay social security insurance. In case the self-employed activity is a secondary activity (e.g. they also have a full-time job, they are retired, etc.), they are obliged to pay the social security insurance only in case they reach a certain, statutory limit of income (in 2014 it is 62,261 CZK per year).
Please note that the list of legal matters stipulated in this section cannot be considered and exhaustive and comprehensive list of all issues arising under Czech law, further is not a legal opinion or advice in any manner, and only expresses view of rutland ježek, law firm on certain specific issues of Czech law.